In this section you will find dog breed information about various types of dog.
It is divided up into various classes of dog to make things simpler.
This is a new service to help those looking for a dog who may be interested in a specific breed.
It is also of use for comparing breeds before making a purchase.
Discover facts about numerous dog breeds, such as heights, weights, life expectancy's, potential issues and more.
We hope the information will be of interest to Oxford Dog Training Society members and to dog lovers everywhere.
Whilst this is a general guide to just give some pointers ANYONE wishing to buy a dog should speak to a specialist on the breed.
This will allow a much better understanding before making a final choice.
Pastoral Dogs consist of herding dogs some of which also acted to guard the herds as well
from predators and thieves. Below is some dog breed information compiled by Oxford Dog Training Society on various pastoral breeds.
Click on the individual pastoral breeds to open information about them or you can use the buttons above to open or close all of them at once.
Origin: Australia Other Names: ACD, Cattle Dog, Blue Heeler, Red Heeler, Queensland Heeler Weight: 15–22kg (33–49lbs) Height: Male 46–51cm (18–20in)
Female 43–48cm (17–19in) Coat: Short double coat Colour: Blue, Blue mottled, Blue speckled, Red mottled, Red speckled Lifespan: 12-14yrs
The Australian Cattle Dog is a breed of herding dog from Australia bred for driving cattle over long distances across rough terrain.
The Australian Cattle Dog is lively, intelligent and has a degree of independence. It responds well to training but prefer that to be challenging, interesting and structured. It is known to form a strong
attachment to owners and their possessions, however as part of its breeding it was bred to herd by nipping, this means that it can and does sometimes nip running children. If it is to be a pet within a family this should be taken into account.
It is easy to groom and just requires brushing. Common health problems which are hereditary are deafness and progressive blindness.
Origin: Scotland Other Names: Highland Collie, Mountain Collie, Hairy Mou'ed Collie, Argle Bargle, Beardie Weight: 18–27kg (40–60lbs) Height: Male 53–56cm (21–22in)
Female 51–56cm (20–22in) Coat: Long double coat with furnishings Colour: Black, Blue, Brown, Fawn with White or Tan Markings Lifespan: 12-14yrs
The Bearded Collie is a breed of herding dog from Scotland originally used to herd sheep.
Bearded Collies make excellent pets and are enthusiastic and bouncy, they also have a very high energy level so require the right ownership. Their coats need grooming regularly due to length etc although the coat can be trimmed.
Bearded Collies are intelligent and are good at problem solving, this means they need mental stimulation as well. They do well at agility and obedience trials due to there innate natures.
A common health problem is Addison's disease which can be fatal, however if found early and treated with medication a dog can live a full and happy life.
Origin: France Other Names: French Short-haired Shepherd, Beauce Sheep Dog, Beauce Shepherd, Berger de Beauce, Bas Rouge Weight: 32–50kg (70–110lbs) Height: Male 66–71cm (26–28in)
Female 64–66cm (25–26in) Coat: Harsh outer coat with woolly, fluffy undercoat Colour: Black, Black Mottled Grey, both with Tan Markings Lifespan: 10-14yrs
The Beauceron is a breed of herding dog from France originally used to herd sheep and cattle.
Beauceron's are eager and can be trained to a high level, but they are slower development wise than many other dogs so training needs to be taken slowly.
Despite being slow learners Beauceron do well at obedience and agility and to get the best from them they benefit from being raised in a family background.
Whilst they are herding dogs they were also used to guard livestock, particularly against predators such as wolves, and in France are often used as guard dogs.
Common health problems include hip dysplasia as well as other orthopaedic issues.
Beauceron are at higher than normal risk for the emergency gastrointestinal syndrome called bloat due to their deep chest.
Origin: Belgium Other Names: Belgian Sheepdog, Chien de Berger Belge Weight: 20–30kg (44–66lbs) Height: Male 60–66cm (23.5–26in)
Female 56–62cm (22–24.5in) Coat: Long, Short, Rough Colour: Depends on variety. There are 4 different recognised types. Lifespan: 10-14yrs
The Belgian Shepherd is a breed of herding dog from Belgium originally used to herd sheep.
There are 4 types of Belgian Shepherd but in Belgium they are all considered variants of a single breed, some countries identify them as separate.
The Belgian Shepherd is highly intelligent and aware of what is happening around it. Sources say they are fun, loyal and highly trainable, which coupled with their intelligence makes them good family dogs.
Due to the fact they were bred for herding they require activity to keep them healthy and stimulated.
They will also benefit hugely from socialisation with other dogs and humans from a young age, the breed has been used by police forces including those in Wales.
Common health problems include hip dysplasia as well as gastric problems, which have been minimised by selective breeding.
The breed does suffer from epilepsy and seizures at a higher rate than other types.
Origin: Italy Other Names: Bergamasco Shepherd Dog, Bergamasco Shepherd, Cane Da Pastore Bergamasco Weight: 26–38kg (57–84lbs) Height: Male 58–62cm (22.5–24.5in)
Female 54–68cm (21–23in) Coat: Felted Colour: Black, Merle. Lifespan: 13-15yrs
The Bergamasco is a breed of herding dog from Italy originally used to herd cattle, although it is often seen herding sheep.
The very distinctive feature of the Bergamasco is its coat which naturally mats into felts. This is due to the fact the coat is made up of 3 types of hair.
The mats protect the Bergamasco from the variation of temperatures in the high alpine areas in which it worked, and also from predators it might be forced to deal with.
Bergamasco are intelligent and observant and have good self control. Herders often just let the dogs bring in cattle unsupervised. They also make good guard and companion dogs as they form a close attachment to the owner.
Due to the fact they were bred for herding in rugged alpine conditions they are very stable on their feet with good balance.
There do not seem to be any major health issues associated with the breed.
Origin: United Kingdom Other Names: Scottish Sheepdog Weight: 12–20kg (26–44lbs) Height: Male 48–56cm (19–22in)
Female 46–53cm (18–21in) Coat: Smooth or rough double coat Colour: Extensive Variety inc Merle's, Sables and Brindle's. Solid coloured, Bi-coloured, Tri-coloured Lifespan: 10-14yrs
The Border Collie is a breed of herding dog from The United Kingdom originally used to herd sheep and other livestock.
The typical idea of the Border Collie is a dog that is highly intelligent, energetic, obedient and athletic. These are traits bred into the dog making it such a good worker and also a very good competition breed.
It is often considered to be the most intelligent of all the domestic dog breeds.
Due to their high intelligence Border Collies make great companion animals but they also need a lot of exercise and can become easily bored.
If they do not have enough stimulation a side effect can be chewing furniture in a household, and digging holes in carpets.
Border Collies may also try to herd in a domestic environment, things like other pets or even children due to the built in predominant herding trait.
Common health issues with the breed include hip dysplasia, Collie Eye Anomaly, hearing loss and epilepsy. There are also some fatal illnesses that can affect Border Collies, NCL is one for which
there is no cure or treatment, but it can be detected through a DNA test and is extremely rare. TNS is a condition that is hereditary but which can be detected by a DNA test, it affects the dogs
immune system, meaning the dog will usually die from an infection it cannot fight off.
Origin: France Other Names: Berger de Brie, Berger Briard Weight: 25–40kg (55–88lbs) Height: Male 61–69cm (24–27in)
Female 58–65cm (23–26in) Coat: Long with a slight wave Colour: Solid Black, Grey or Fawn Lifespan: 10-12yrs
The Briard is an ancient herding breed from France originally used to herd sheep and also guard them.
The Briard is different to many dogs that herd or guard in that it was often left to its own devices, basically making its own decisions.
Briards are intelligent with the ability to learn many commands. This also makes them good companion animals.
The Briard is medium sized, agile and rugged.
They are loyal and protective and when they form a bond with their family it is a very strong one. Briards benefit from socialisation with
other dogs and humans from an early age. When introduced to something or someone new they will be wary, the Briard needs to learn that the new thing presents no threat, this includes babies.
Acceptance of the new addition needs to be one the dogs terms, they needs to see it as a good things and not harmful.
The breed was left to think for itself and that trait needs to be understood. Briards also enjoy a wide variety of environments so visits to different place stimulate them.
Briards also have a good memory so good and bad experiences will be remembered for a long time, this is why positive reinforcement is a good thing with the breed.
Blindness is something that can affect the breed. There are 2 main types PRA which causes degeneration in cells at the back of the eye and SNB which is commonly screened for using a DNA test.
SNB is caused by a recessive gene.
Origin: Spain Other Names: Gos d'Atura Catala, Catalan Shepherd Weight: 17–27kg (37–59lbs) Height: Male 47–55cm (19–22in)
Female 45–53cm (18–21in) Coat: Long with a slight wave Colour: Solid Black, Brown/Red Grey or Fawn. Uniform on body lighter on limbs at times. Lifespan: 12-14yrs
The Catalan Sheepdog is from Spain and was used to heard sheep in the Catalan region and also Andorra.
Catalan Sheepdogs were also used to guard the herds and will defend their family if they feel it is threatened. The breed requires a firm hand and lots of exercise and distractions.
This allows the dog to become well adjusted and to suit a family home. Like other intelligent dogs they make great companions.
They are loyal and protective and when they form a bond with their family it is a very strong one. The Catalan Sheepdog benefits from socialisation with
other dogs and humans from an early age.
When moulting the Catalan Sheepdog often looks like two dogs sewn together. This is due to the fact that the dog moults at the fore first and then at the rear. Quite a bizarre sight.
Hip Dysplasia is something that affects the breed.
Origin: Scotland Other Names: Collie, Scottish Collie, Long-Haired Collie, English Collie, Lassie Dog Weight: 16–34kg (35–75lbs) Height: Male 56–66cm (22–26in)
Female 51–61cm (20–24in) Coat: Long double coat Colour: Variety of Merles, Sables and Tri-colours. Variants include Blue Merle, Sable Merle, Shaded Sable, Mahogany Sable. Lifespan: 13-15+yrs
The Rough Collie is a breed descended from local working dogs in Scotland and Wales. The 2 breeds were combined and the Rough Collie was the result, although a little different looking to how it is now.
The original Scottish herding dog was large and powerful and used to herd sheep. The Welsh herding dog was smaller, more amenable and used to herd goats.
The early Collies it is said were crossed with some other species to give the looks and traits we now admire. They became popular after Queen Victoria acquired one.
Breeding for shows has changed the appearance of the dog as well.
Rough Collies get on well with other animals and children for the most part making them excellent pets.
They should not be aggressive or nervous and so they are more outgoing should be socialised from an early age.
They are loyal and eager to learn and therefore benefit from positive reinforcement in training.
The coat should be regularly brushed so as to keep it looking good and tangle free.
Hip Dysplasia is something that affects the breed as well as Collie Eye Anomaly. They can also be affected by PRA which causes degeneration in cells at the back of the eye, this can be detected by a DNA test.
The UK Kennel Club "Accredited Breeder Scheme" requires eye tests and recommends the genetic test for this breed.
There is also Canine Cyclic Neutropenia, often referred to as Grey Collie Syndrome, which is a blood disorder. This is usually fatal in puppies, any that do survive due to the issues with the immune system
will rarely live beyond 3 years. The name Grey Collie Syndrome comes from the colour of the affected puppies, they having a grey, pinkish grey or beige appearance.
Rough collies can have allergies and also be sensitive to some medications, they may also suffer from epilepsy and bloat.